Kamis, 26 Mei 2011

Pearl Jam


Pearl Jam terbentuk di Seattle, Washington pada tahun 1990 oleh gitaris band Green River, Stone Gossard dan bassis-nya, Jeff Ament. Setelah Green River pecah pada waktu itu, kedua orang ini membentuk sebuah band baru bernama Mother Love Bone bersama seorang vokalis flamboyan, Andrew Wood. Tapi menjelang rilis album mainstream yang pertama, sang vokalis Andrew Wood meninggal dunia karena over dosis heroin.


Kemudian untuk meneruskan karir bermusiknya, Gossard dan Ament merekrut seorang gitaris, Mike McCready yang notabene adalah teman satu almamater Gossard di SMA. Lalu ketiga-nya membuat beberapa demo lagu dibantu oleh drummer band Soundgarden, Matt Cameron. Untuk mengisi posisi vokalis, mereka mengirimkan rekaman-rekaman demo tersebut kepada seorang remaja  San Diego bernama Eddie Vedder melalui mantan drummer Red Hot Chili Peppers yang ketika itu Eddie Vedder masih mengisi vokal untuk band Bad Radio,(1988-1990). Jack Irons (yang juga sempat menjadi drummer Pearl Jam). Kemudian Vedder mengisi tiga buah lagu dalam demo itu, sebuah "mini opera" Trilogy yang dikenal dengan Momma-Son. (yang kemudian menjadi lagu Alive, Once dan Footsteps). Vedder pun kemudian harus terbang ke Seattle untuk menjalani rehearsal untuk calon band barunya.


































Setelah menjalani beberapa rehearsal Vedder pun resmi menjadi anggota band. Dan band ini di beri nama "Mookie Blaylock" (merujuk pada nama bintang NBA saat itu). Tapi karena permasalahan legalitas, nama band kemudian di ganti Pearl Jam. Tepat sebelum mereka menandatangani kontrak dengan Epic Records.


Album Pertama Pearl Jam, "Ten" dirilis pada tahun 1991 dan langsung melejit sebagai ikon musik rock alternatif di Amerika. Tahun 1993 Pearl Jam kembali merilis album bernama "Vs" dan mempopulerkan sejumlah lagu, di antaranya : Daughters, Go dan Rearviewmirror. Album ke-tiga, "Vitalogy" dirilis setahun kemudian, yang sekaligus menjadi album terakhir bersama drummer Dave Abruzzese. Posisi drummer kemudian di gantikan oleh mantan drummer "Red Hot Chili Peppers", Jack Irons. Tahun 1994 juga menjadi tahun yang bersejarah dalam musik rock, ketika Pearl Jam mengeluarkan antitrust dugaan monopoli yang dilakukan oleh  promotor konser, Ticketmaster. Tapi akhirnya perkara ini dimenangkan oleh Ticketmaster dan membuat Pearl Jam tidak bisa tampil di venue besar di seluruh Amerika.
















Album ke-empat "No Code" dirilis pada tahun 1996. Secara penjualan, album ini mengalami penurunan yang signifikan dibandingkan album-album sebelumnya. Hal ini di sebabkan juga oleh turunnya pamor musik Grunge saat itu. Dua tahun kemudian, album ke-lima "Yield" dirilis. Album ini sekaligus menjadi album terakhir bersama drummer Jack Irons yang mengundurkan diri karena alasan kesehatan. Posisi drummer kemudian di isi oleh Matt Cameron, mantan drummer "Soundgarden" sampai sekarang. Bersama Matt, Pearl Jam telah merilis tiga buah album. "Binaural" pada tahun 2000, "Riot Act" pada tahun 2003,  "Pearl Jam" pada tahun 2006,dan yang terakhir Backspacer (2009).


Selain album studio, Pearl Jam juga merilis beberapa album kompilasi dan rekaman konser-konser mereka. Tahun 1999 mereka merilis album "Live on Two Legs" yang berisi rekaman tur tahun sebelumnya. Pada tahun 2000 mereka merilis lebih dari 70 rekaman konser mereka di Amerika dan Eropa dalam format Audio CD. berikutnya tahun 2003, mereka juga merilis album konsernya dari tur di Amerika, Asia dan Australia. Selain itu mereka juga merilis satu album konser akustik "Live At Benaroya Hall". Tahun 2005 dan 2006 Pearl Jam merilis album konsernya dalam format digital yang bisa dibeli dan di download langsung dari situs resminya, PearlJam.com. Lalu tahun 2007 mereka kembali merilis album konsernya "Live At The Gorge". Album ini berisi kompilasi rekaman konser mereka selama tahun 2005-2006 di Gorge.


Pearl Jam merupakan salah satu band rock alternatif yang paling berhasil di tahun 1990-an. Pearl Jam juga dianggap sebagai pelopor musik Grunge dan menjadi salah satu icon dalam empat besar "Godfather of Grunge" bersama "Alice in Chains", "Nirvana" dan"Soungarden".


Personil :
Eddie Vedder (lead vocals, guitar) 1990-sekarang
Mike McCready (lead guitars) 1990-sekarang
Stone Gossard (rythm guitars) 1990-sekarang
Jeff Ament (bass) 1990-sekarang
Matt Cameron (drums) 1998-sekarangc


Mantan Personil :
Dave Krusen (drums) 1990-1991
Matt Chamberlain (drums) 1991
Dave Abruzzese (drums) 1991-1994
Jack Irons (drums) 1994-1998


Personil Tambahan :
Kenneth "Boom" Gaspar (keyboard) 2001-sekarang


Diskografi :




Vs. (1993)--->block by DCMA
Vitalogy (1994)--->block by DCMA



Live Albums
Live On Two Legs (1998)
Live at Benaroya Hall (2004)Live in NYC 12/31/92
Live at Easy Street (2006)
Live at the Gorge 05/06 (2007)
Live at Lollapalooza 2007 (2007)

Soundtracks and Related Albums

Singles Soundtrack (1992)
   Pearl Jam contributes "Breath" and "State of Love and Trust". They also appear in the movie.
Sweet Relief: A Benefit For Victoria Williams (1993)
   Pearl Jam does "Crazy Mary". Victoria plays guitar and sings background vocals.
Judgment Night Soundtrack (1993)
   Pearl Jam and Cypress Hill perform "Real Thing"
In Defense of Animals (1993)
   Pearl Jam perform "Porch"
Bob Dylan 30th Anniversary Concert Celebration (1993)
   Eddie and Mike perform "Masters of War"
Stone Free - A Tribute To Jimi Hendrix (1993)
   McCready, Ament, Cameron and Chris Cornell perform "Hey Baby(House of the Rising Sun)"
Bad Religion - Recipe for Hate (1993)
   Eddie does some backing vocals.
Hit Disk #027B (1994)
   I have no idea what this is, Liz put this one on here. If you have any information on it send it to me.
Neil Young - Mirror Ball (1995)
   Pearl Jam is the backing band for Neil
The Basketball Diaries (1995)
   Pearl Jam w/ Jim Carroll "Catholic Boy"
Working Class Hero (1995)
   Mad Season perform "I Dont Want To Be A Soldier"
Mike Watt - Ball Hog Or Tugboat (1995)
   Eddie does vocals on "Against the Seventies" and backing vocals on "Big Train"
Home Alive - The Art of Self-Defense (1996)
   Pearl Jam contribute a song called "Leaving Here"
MOM Music For Our Mother Ocean (1996)
   Pearl Jam performs "Gremmie Out Of Control"
Hype! (1996)
   Perform "Not For You" live on Self-Pollution Radio
Dead Man Walking Soundtrack (1996)
   Eddie Vedder does vocals and guitar with Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan on "The Face of Love" and "The Long Road".
Gary Heffern - Painful Days (1996)
   Eddie Vedder (Wes C. Addle) does vocals on "Passin Thru"
The Cable Guy Soundtrack (1996)
   Mike with $10000 Gold Chain perform "Oh! Sweet Nothin"
Fastbacks - New Mansions in Sound (1996)
   Eddie sings harmony in "Girls Eyes"
School House Rocks (1996)
   Mike with Petster perform "Electricity, Electricity"
Screaming Trees - Dust (1996)
   Mike plays guitar on "Dying Days"
Three Fish - Three Fish(1996)
   Jeff Ament side project
Three Fish - The Quite Table (1996)
   Jeff Ament side project, Mike McCready plays guitar on "Resonate"
Kerouac - Kicks Joy Darkness (1997)
  nbsp:Spoken word, Eddie does song called "Hymn" with Hovercraft
Tibetan Freedom Concert (1997)
   Mike and Eddie perform Yellow Ledbetter
The Bridge School Benefit Concert Vol 1 (1997)
   Pearl Jam plays "Nothingman"
Music from the Film: Chicago Cab (1998)
   PJ perform "Hard To Imagine" and "Who You Are"
No Boundries (1999)
   Includes "Last Kiss" and "Soldier of Love"
Cradle Will Rock (1999)
   Ed and Susan Sarandon duet in a song called "Croon Spoon"
Pete Townsend Live (1999)
   Ed helps out on "Magic Bus" and "Heart To Hang Onto"
MOM 3 - Music For Our Mother Ocean (1999)
   Pearl Jam performs "Whale Song"
The Rockfords (2000)
   Mike McCready side project
Free The West Memphis Three (2000)
   Eddie performs song with the Supersuckers called "Poor Girl" 



Deluxe Edition 


Pearl Jam – Vs. & Vitalogy (Deluxe Edition) (2011) 




















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